Eukaryotic Cell Structure Practice Test Questions

Eukaryotic Cell Structure & Function
Practice Test Questions II

from Science Prof Online


​The following questions are designed to help students better understand this topic. All questions are based on material that can be found on the Eukaryotic Cell Structure & Function Lecture Main Page.
Page last updated: 1/2015
1. You look into a light microscope 
and view an unknown cell. What might you see that would tell you whether the cell is prokaryotic or eukaryotic?

a. a rigid cell wall   
b. a nucleus   
c. plasma membrane  
d. ribosomes

2. Which are typically smaller?

a. prokaryotic cells      
b. eukaryotic cells

3. Which domain is composed of cells that have a membrane bound nucleus?

a. Eukarya          b. Archaea            c. Eubacteria

4. Which eukaryotic cellular organelle produced lysosomes? 

a. rough ER     b. Golgi apparatus     c. smooth ER    
                      d. mitochondria

5. The cells of plant and bacteria will NOT explode in a hypotonic environment because:

a. Only blood cells explode.
b. Plant and bacteria have a cell wall that protects them from     taking on too much water.
c.Only prokaryotic cells explode.
d.Plants and bacteria are more evolutionarily ancient and that     makes them stronger.

6. Microtubules are a component of the cell’s cytoskeleton. Which eukaryotic organelle produces microtubules?

a. the nucleus 
b. microfilaments 
c. plasma membrane 
d. centrosome  
e. plasmid

Endomembrane System of Eukaryotic Cell
Image of endomembrane system of eukaryotic cell. For labeled diagram click here.
Eukaryotic Cell Sample Test Questions - Part 2
Eukaryotic Cell
Practice Test Questions
Part I & Part II

These multiple choice and true/false questions are designed to help students practice and test their understanding of  this topic.

Animal Eukaryotic Cell, Mariana Ruiz
Image of generic eukaryotic cell. For labeled diagram of same cell, click here
For a practice assignment on diagramming a eukaryotic cell click here.
Page last updated: 2/2016
7. If a cell has a chloroplast it is:

a. prokaryotic
b. eukaryotic
c. can be either prokaryotic or eukaryotic
d. none of the above

8. Because of their size, structure and the fact that they each contain their own DNA, chloroplasts and mitochondria are thought to be organelles that originally evolved from …

a. eukaryotic cells
b. prokaryotic cells 
c. ribosomes 
d. viruses

9. Centrioles are involved in:

a. producing components of the cellular cytoskeleton
b. moving the duplicated chromosomes to opposite ends 
    of the cell during mitosis
c. production of ribosomes
d. a & b
e. a, b & c

​10. A variety of materials are moved around within eukaryotic cells via the …

a. process of osmosis
b. process of phagocytosis 
c. endomembrane system 
d. digestive system

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